Psychedelic;

Pertaining to or characterized by hallucinations, distortions of perception and awareness, and sometimes psychotic-like behavior. A drug that produces such effects. An art style influenced by the prevalence of hallucinatory drugs, especially LSD or shrooms, with designs featuring abstract swirls of intense color with curvilinear calligraphy reminiscent of Art Nouveau, intense colours and optical illusions.

This movement that began in the 1960s had great influence over media, music, philosophy, literature, art and language. ‘Psychedelic’ refers to the drugs the youth used and alot of the art in the time used the style to look trippy. Op art, short for Optical art, is a style of abstraction that relies on geometric shapes, lines, and color juxtapositions to create optical illusions for the viewer. Pop Art was one of the United States’ biggest artistic movements of the 20th century. It was first coined in Britain in 1955 but unsurprisingly the Americans it took up with much greater conviction. Music festivals and concerts were a prominent in the 60s scene and musicians such as Jimi Hendrix. A unique art form found expression in band posters.

Because of World War 2 brought forth an economic boom with an enormous amount of babies being born called the ‘baby boom’. By the time the 1960s came they were young adults, and they began to question the conservative political, social and cultural norms for the time. During the 1960s a youth movement came about, wanting to create an egalitarian society free from discrimination.

Americans in the 1960s and 70s addressed many controversial issues like civil rights, nuclear proliferation, the Vietnam War, sexual freedom, drugs and nonconformity. Many sought spiritual experiences mostly through psychedelic drugs. The pill also came about, into circulation in 1962, giving women a means to have safe sex by controlling thier own bodies. This gave women alot of freedom, notably sexual but also to pursue careers without the worry or unwanted children.

Until the passing of the Sexual Offences Bill in 1967, male homosexual activity was illegal. Gay men were frequently imprisoned for consensual sex with another man. Lesbianism was not illegal, but was similarly subject to public disapproval, or ignored. The late 60s to 70s were the era of beginning to accept homosexuality.

References;

https://visualartsdepartment.wordpress.com/psychedelic-60s/

http://1967andallthat.blogspot.co.uk/2007/05/lobbying-for-change.html

http://www.theartstory.org/section_movements.htm

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